Higher education institutions in Taiwan include 2-year junior colleges, 5-year junior colleges, and universities. Like most countries, the study period is 4 years for an undergraduate degree, 1 to 4 years for a master’s degree, and 2 to 7 years for a doctoral degree. There are 158 universities, colleges and junior colleges, totaling 1,332,445 students. Reforms in teacher training have played an important part in the expansion of higher education. Significant improvements in teacher quality can be attributed to policy adaptations and the newly-implemented evaluation system. Currently, Ph.D. degree holders account for over 80% of faculty in Taiwan universities, the figure having increased by 15% in the past 10 years. Professors account for one-third of all teaching personnel. To maintain competitiveness, Taiwan’s government has invested more than US$400 million in higher education annually in the last five years to encourage universities to enhance their standards for research and teaching, and the results have been remarkable. Although Taiwan’s higher education system has gained recognition for its achievements in many areas, tuition still remains very reasonable. The Ministry of Education and several universities have jointly established the Higher Education Evaluation and Accreditation Council of Taiwan in the year 2005 to conduct evaluations of universities. This evaluation of accreditation consists of Institutional Evaluation and Program Evaluation. The former is held every 6 years to examine whether schools have achieved their strategic goals, while the latter is also conducted once every 6 years to examine the quality of faculty, teaching, research, and service. The Ministry also encourages universities to obtain international certifications. Another of Taiwan’s significant achievements is in the area of innovation. In a report from the World Economic Forum (WEF), Taiwan ranked 11th among 144 countries in innovation in 2015. While universities are pursuing innovation, university students in Taiwan exhibit abundant creativity. In recent years, students from Taiwan have been making their mark in international design competitions such as Germany’s iF Awards and Red Dot Award every year.